Waste accumulates fast and onboard incineration is increasingly regulated. Fewer new buildings are being equipped with incinerators and more waste has to be treated, stored onboard and subsequently landed.

In a modern waste management system, dry waste is separated into fractions onboard the ship to allow for recycling, and the volume is reduced by crushing, compaction and shredding. This reduces transportation and disposal costs. Waste handling from ship to port/waste station is optimized.